Malka Jan – N.796 – 78 RPM

Gauhar Jaan( Malka Jan) was born as Angelina Yeoward on 26 June 1873 in Azamgarh, of Armenian descent. Her father, William Robert Yeoward, worked as an engineer in a dry ice factory, and married her mother, Victoria Hemmings, in 1872. Victoria, an Indian by birth, had been trained in music and dance. In 1879 the marriage ended, causing hardships to both mother and daughter, who later migrated to Banaras in 1881, with a Muslim nobleman, 'Khursheed', who appreciated Victoria's music more than her husband. Later, Victoria, converted to Islam and changed Angelina's name to 'Gauhar Jaan' and hers to 'Malka Jaan'.

Career-

In time, Victoria (now 'Malka Jaan') became an accomplished singer, Kathak dancer and a courtesan in Banaras, and made a name for herself, as Badi Malka Jan; she was called Badi (elder) because at that time three other Malka Jans were famous: Malka Jan of Agra, Malka Jan of Mulk Pukhraj and Malka Jan of Chulbuli, and she was the eldest among them. Finally, Malka Jaan moved back to Calcutta in 1883, and established herself in the courts of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, who had settled at Matiaburj (Garden Reach), near Kolkata and within three years purchased a building at 24 Chitpore Road (now Rabindra Sarani), for Rs. 40,000. It is here that young Gauhar started her training, she learnt pure and light classical Hindustani vocal music from, Kale Khan of Patiala, 'Kalu Ustad', Ustad Vazir Khan of Rampur, and Ustad Ali Baksh (founding members of Patiala Gharana) and Kathak from legendary Brindadin Maharaj (granduncle of Birju Maharaj), Dhrupad dhamar from Srijanbai, and Bengali Keertan from Charan Das. Soon she also started writing and composing ghazals under the pen-name 'Hamdam' and became proficient in Rabindra Sangeet

India's first-ever record -

India's first disc had Gauhar Jaan, singing a khayal in Raag Jogiya, recorded on 2 November 1902, by Fred Gaisberg, an assistant to Emile Berliner, the father of Gramophone record, who left America to become the first recording engineer with the Gramophone Company, London. The recording was done in a makeshift recording studio in two large rooms of a hotel in Kolkata, and at the end of the trial recording Gauhar Jaan announced – "My name is Gauhar Jaan". Gauhar Jaan agreed to do the recording session for a princely sum of 3,000 rupees. By 1903, her records started appearing in Indian markets and were in great demand.

Record Details

Title

Malka Jan – N. 796 – 78 RPM

Singer

Malka Jan

Genre

Private Songs

Language

Hindi

Label

HMV

Made In

India

Manufacture

The Gramophone Company Ltd.

Serial No

N. 796

Side One

  • Krishna Murari Binti Karat Kara Haaro

Malka Jan

Side Two

  • Neer Bharan Kaise Jaun Sakhi Re

Malka Jan

Specification

Size

10 Inches

Speed

78 RPM

Record Condition

Excellent

Cover Condition

Excellent

Record Details
Genre Private Songs
Label HMV
Language Hindi
Size 10 Inches
Speed 78 RPM
Singer
Singer - 1 Malka Jan
Songs
Side1 - Song1 Krishna Murari Binti Karat Kara Haaro
Side2 - Song1 Neer Bharan Kaise Jaun Sakhi Re

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Malka Jan – N.796 – 78 RPM

  • Rs.6,000.00


Tags: malka jan, n. 796, 78 rpm