Emanuel Feuermann (November 22, 1902, Kolomyya – May 25, 1942, New York City) was an internationally celebrated cellist in the first half of the 20th century.
Contents.Both of Feuermann's parents were amateur musicians. His father, who played the violin and cello, was his first teacher. His older brother Sigmund was also musically talented, and their father decided to move the family to Vienna in 1907 for Sigmund to start his professional career there. At the age of nine, Emanuel received lessons from Friedrich Buxbaum, principal cello of the Vienna Philharmonic, and then studied with Anton Walter at the Music Academy in Vienna. In February 1914, the eleven-year-old prodigy made his concert debut, playing Joseph Haydn's Cello Concerto in D major with the Vienna Philharmonic under Felix Weingartner.In 1917, Feuermann went to Leipzig to study with legendary cellist Julius Klengel. In 1919 cellist Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Grützmacher (1866–1919), the nephew of Friedrich Wilhelm Grützmacher, died, and Klengel recommended Feuermann for Grützmacher's position at the Gürzenich Conservatory in Cologne. He was also appointed principal cellist of the Gürzenich Orchestra, by its conductor (who was also the conservatory director), Hermann Abendroth. Feuermann also, as part of the position, became cellist of the Bram Elderling Quartet. At that time, he also joined a short-lived piano trio with his brother and pianist-conductor Bruno Walter.In 1929, Feuermann became professor at the Musikhochschule in Berlin and taught there for the next four years. He performed during this time with violinists Carl Flesch, Szymon Goldberg, Joseph Wolfsthal and Paul Hindemith, the latter playing viola in a string trio with Feuermann and Wolfsthal (later Goldberg; see below). He also performed with Jascha Heifetz, William Primrose and Artur Rubinstein.On April 3, 1933, the newly installed Nazi regime dismissed him from his position at the Berlin Conservatory for his Jewish origin. He moved to London along with Goldberg and Hindemith, where the trio recorded Beethoven's early Serenade in D major for string trio, Op. 8, and a string trio by Hindemith, for Columbia. He toured Japan and the United States, including New York City. He then returned to Europe, where he married Eva Reifenberg in 1935. A daughter, Monica, resulted from the union. He played the solo part in the premiere of Arnold Schoenberg's Cello Concerto under Sir Thomas Beecham. He lived for some time in Zürich, Switzerland, but happened to be in Vienna at the time of the 1938 Anschluss. Violinist Bronislaw Huberman helped Feuermann and his family escape to British Palestine. From there they moved to the United States later that year.He taught privately, and at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, until his death. Among his notable pupils were Bernard Greenhouse, Suzette Forgues Halasz, Robert Lamarchina, Alan Shulman, David Soyer and August Wenzinger.In the U.S., he made several celebrated chamber-music recordings with Heifetz, Rubinstein and others. His relationship with Hindemith suffered when the latter chose Gregor Piatigorsky to premiere his Cello Concerto.Feuermann died all too prematurely in 1942 due to complications in a surgical operation for hemorrhoids, short of his fortieth birthday.