Ustad Bismillah Khan (Urdu: استاد بسم اللہ خان صاحب; March 21, 1916 – August 21, 2006) was an Indian shehnai maestro. He was the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna (in 2001), the highest civilian honour in India and gained worldwide acclaim for playing the shehnai for more than eight decades.
A morning melody emanating from the Bhairav Thaat, it is pentatonic in structure and drops the third and seventh notes in exposition. Bismillah Khan's rendering, true to his reputation, is superb.
Raga Shudh Kalyan : Tritaal
Shudh Kalyan is an early night raga originating from Kalyan Thaat. It has a very dignified pose and sublime mood. Only those who have attained proficiency dare attempt performance of this melody, because by judicious use of the fourth and seventh notes in the descent the touch of Kalyan distinguishes it from Bhoop which omits these two notes. After a scintillating redering in teen taal.
Bismillah Khan plays a lilting pahadi dhun in his usual and unique style.