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Baiju Bawra - EALP 4069 - (Condition - 90-95%) - HMV Colour Label - LP Record
Baiju Bawra - EALP 4069 - (Condition - 90-95%) - HMV Colour Label - LP Record
Baiju Bawra - EALP 4069 - (Condition - 90-95%) - HMV Colour Label - LP Record
Baiju Bawra - EALP 4069 - (Condition - 90-95%) - HMV Colour Label - LP Record
Baiju Bawra - EALP 4069 - (Condition - 90-95%) - HMV Colour Label - LP Record
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Baiju Bawra - EALP 4069 - (Condition - 90-95%) - HMV Colour Label - LP Record
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Baiju Bawra - EALP 4069 - (Condition - 90-95%) - HMV Colour Label - LP Record

Baiju Bawra is a 1952 Hindi film directed by Vijay Bhatt. Produced by Prakash Pictures, with story by Ramchandra Thakur and dialogues by Zia Sarhadi, Baiju Bawra was a musical "megahit" which had a mighty run of 100 weeks in the theatres. Bhatt's decision to make a film based on classical music was met with scepticism by the Indian film industry due to its "lack of mass appeal", but the film and music turned out be an "overwhelming success". The film's music director was Naushad, who had become popular giving folk-based music in films like Rattan, Anmol Ghadi, Shahjehan (1946) and Deedar (1951). With Bhatt's Baiju Bawra, Naushad introduced classical component in Hindi film songs. The soundtrack based on light classical ragas, made use of folk, thumri or dadra, with a stronger raga used in the last contest song between Tansen and Baiju. The lyricist was Shakeel Badayuni, a Naushad discovery. For Baiju Bawra, he had to forgo Urdu, and write lyrics in pure Hindi, with songs like the bhajan, "Man Tadpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj", becoming popular.

The film starred Bharat Bhushan as Baiju, with Meena Kumari playing his love interest Gauri. Meena made her acting debut in Bhatt's Leatherface (1939) as a seven-year-old. Surendra portrayed Tansen, one of the Navratans (music) in Akbar's court. Kuldip Kaur played the role of the dacoit queen Roopmati. The rest of the cast included Bipin Gupta, Manmohan Krishna, B. V. Vyas and Baby Tabassum.

The film merges the legend of Baiju Bawra with the historic setting of Mughal Emperor Akbar's court in India. Baiju (Bhushan) is the son of a musician who also grows up to be a musician. He comes to believe that Tansen, the famed musician at the court of Akbar, is responsible for his father's death. The movie then follows Baiju's attempt to avenge his father's death by challenging Tansen to a musical duel.

Even though there were many changes in the storyline from the original life of Baiju Bawra, the film was both a commercial and critical success and catapulted both its lead actors into stardom. Meena Kumari became the first-ever Filmfare Best Actress Award winner in 1954, the first of four Best Actress trophies she won in her career. The film's music director, Naushad, also received the inaugural Filmfare Best Music Director Award for the song "Tu Ganga Ki Mauj"; this was Naushad's first and only Filmfare Award win.

Story -

Tansen is known to be the greatest classical vocalist ever to have existed in India, and was one of the nine jewels (Navaratnas) of Emperor Akbar's court. Nobody could sing in the city unless he or she could sing better than Tansen. If this was not the case, he or she was executed. Baiju Bawra is the story of an unknown singer, Baiju, who is on a mission to defeat Tansen in a musical duel to avenge the death of his father.

When Baiju is still a child, Tansen's sentry tries to stop Baiju's father from singing, and in the ensuing scuffle, his father dies. Before dying, he extracts a promise from his son to take revenge against Tansen. Baiju gets shelter from a village priest and while growing up, falls in love with Gauri, the daughter of a boatman. He continues his musical education on his own, but gets so enamoured by Gauri's love that he forgets the promise made to his father.

Later, a group of dacoits raid Baiju's village. With his song, Baiju persuades them against looting the village, but the female leader of the dacoits falls in love with him and asks him to follow them to their fort as a condition for their sparing the village. Baiju leaves with her, leaving the wailing Gauri behind. In the fort, the dacoit leader, who is actually a princess living in exile, tells Baiju how her father's serfdom had been usurped and she was seeking revenge because the village too previously belonged to her father. The word "revenge" brings all of Baiju's memories back; he leaves the fort greatly agitated, and the princess does not try to stop him.

Baiju sneaks into the Mughal palace, where Tansen is singing. He is dumbstruck by the way Tansen sings, and the sword that was supposed to cut the maestro's throat fell on the tanpura, saddening Tansen. He said he could only be killed by music, and the pain that accompanies it. "Dip your notes in melancholy and I'll die on my own," he said. Baiju accordingly leaves the palace to learn "real" music.

Baiju remembers that when his father was killed, he was taking Baiju to Swami Haridas. He goes to see the Swami himself and asks for his guidance, informing him of his plan to take revenge against Tansen. Haridas tells Baiju that one must be in love to be a true musician, and thus Baiju must rid himself of all the hatred in his heart, but still gives him a vina and accepts him as his disciple. Baiju again starts his musical training, spending all his time in a Shiva temple, but his vengeful feelings never leave him. Nonetheless, he still reveres his guru, Haridas. After learning that his teacher had fallen seriously ill and was unable to walk, Baiju sings a song that so thrills Haridas that the master gets out of his bed and starts to walk.

Gauri, meanwhile, is so distraught over Baiju's departure that she is about to swallow poison. At that point, the princess who had taken Baiju from the village comes to her and tells her that she knows of Baiju's whereabouts. Gauri meets Baiju and tries to convince him to return to the village so they can be married; Baiju, however, refuses, as he feels he must take revenge against Tansen. At this point, Haridas arrives, and Baiju goes to receive him, once again leaving a crying Gauri behind. Haridas tells Baiju that to be a true singer, he has to feel real pain. Hearing this, Gauri decides to make a venomous snake bite her, thinking that her death would bring enough grief to Baiju that he would defeat Tansen. Baiju sees Gauri's lifeless body and goes mad, with the princess' attempts to get through to him being futile. Baiju instead goes to the Shiva temple and sings a heart-wrenching song condemning the God who had consigned him to his fate; even the idol of Lord Shiva sheds tears at Baiju's grief.

In his delirious state, Baiju reaches Tansen's city, singing the whole way. The residents fear for his life and call him bawra (insane), hence the title of the movie. Baiju is caught and imprisoned, but the princess frees him. However, both of them are caught by Mughal soldiers when escaping, leaving a musical duel with Tansen as the only way to save his life.

Emperor Akbar himself witnesses the competition. For a long time, both the singers prove to be equally good. Then Akbar suggests that whoever could melt a marble slab with his singing would win the duel. Baiju manages to do so and wins the competition, saving his own life and finally avenging his father's death. Tansen accepts his defeat graciously, and is in fact happy that there is someone better than him. Baiju persuades Akbar to spare Tansen's life, to return the princess' land to her, and to allow music in the streets.

After winning the musical duel, Baiju departs from the court. Emperor Akbar is unhappy to see him go and asks Tansen to sing to produce a storm and floods to make him stay. Tansen sings raga Megh and the river Yamuna floods. (This scene was cut from the final film.)

Meanwhile, Gauri is alive but her father is deeply upset. The entire village makes fun of Gauri's and Baiju's love affair. Her father warns her that either Baiju be found, or Gauri should marry a village moneylender and in case she refuses, he would commit suicide. Gauri, unwilling to divulge Baiju's whereabouts, agrees to marry the money-lender.

Discovering that she is still alive, Baiju goes to meet Gauri. On the other side of a swollen Yamuna River, Baiju is stuck. The boatmen refuse to take him to the other side. Despite not knowing how to swim, Baiju pushes the boat into the raging waters and starts rowing it. He starts singing and Gauri hears it. She starts running towards the bank. When she sees Baiju struggling with the boat, she jumps into the water to rescue Baiju. The boat topples over and after a lot of struggle Gauri manages to reach him. He urges her to go back and leave him but Gauri replies that they had promised to be together in life and in death, and she would be content in dying with him. They both drown.

Record Details

Title

Baiju Bawra - EALP 4069

Star Cast

Bharat Bhushan, Meena Kumari, B. M. Vyas, Ratan Kumar, Surendra, Baby Tabassum, Kuldip Kaur, Bipin Gupta, Manmohan Krishna, Mishra, Radha Kishan, Kesari , Rai Mohan, Bhagwan, Nadir, Ramesh & Krishan Kumari

Singer

Lata Mangeshkar, Mohd. Rafi, Amir Khan, D.V. Paluskar & Shamshad Begum

Director

Vijay Bhatt

Producer

Prakash Pictures

Music

Naushad

Lyrics

Shakeel Badayuni

 Releasing Year

1952

Genre

Original Soundtrack

Language

Hindi

Label

HMV Colour Label

Made In

India

Manufacture

The Gramophone Company Of India Limited

Serial No.

EALP 4069

Side One

  • Tori Jai Jai Kartar (Raga Puria Dhanashri)

Amir Khan

  • Door Koi Gae

Lata Mangeshkar, Shamshad Begum, Mohd. Rafi & Chorus

  • Too Ganga Ki Mauj

Mohd. Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar & Chorus

  • Mohe Bhool Gaye Sanwariya

Lata Mangeshkar

  • Jhoole Men Pawan Ke Aai Bahar

Lata Mangeshkar & Mohd. Rafi

  • Sargam

Amir Khan

Side Two

  • Man Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj

Mohd. Rafi

  • Bachpan Ki Mohabbat

Lata Mangeshkar

  • O Duniya Ke Rakhwale
     

Mohd. Rafi

  • Insaan Bano

Mohd. Rafi

  • Aaj Gawat Man Mero (Raga Desi) 

Amir Khan & D. V. Paluskar

Specification

Size

12 Inches

Speed

33 RPM

Record Condition

90-95%

Cover Condition

Excellent

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Director
Director - 1Vijay Bhatt
Lyrics
Lyrics - 1Shakeel Badayuni
Music
Music - 1Naushad
Producer
Producer - 1Prakash Pictures
Record Details
GenreOriginal Soundtrack
LabelHMV Colour Label
LanguageHindi
Releasing Year1952
Size12 Inches
Speed33 RPM
Singer
Singer - 1Lata Mangeshkar
Singer - 2Mohd. Rafi
Singer - 3Amir Khan
Singer - 4D.V. Paluskar
Singer - 5Shamshad Begum
Songs
Side1 - Song1Tori Jai Jai Kartar (Raga Puria Dhanashri)
Side1 - Song2Door Koi Gae
Side1 - Song3Too Ganga Ki Mauj
Side1 - Song4Mohe Bhool Gaye Sanwariya
Side1 - Song5Jhoole Men Pawan Ke Aai Bahar
Side1 - Song6Sargam
Side2 - Song1Man Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj
Side2 - Song2Bachpan Ki Mohabbat
Side2 - Song3O Duniya Ke Rakhwale
Side2 - Song4Insaan Bano
Side2 - Song5Aaj Gawat Man Mero (Raga Desi)
Star
Star - 1Bharat Bhushan
Star - 2Meena Kumari
Star - 3B. M. Vyas
Star - 4Surendra
Star - 5Baby Tabassum
Star - 6Kuldip Kaur
Star - 7Bipin Gupta
Star - 8Manmohan Krishna
Star - 9Mishra
Star - 10Radha Kishan