Bade Gulam Ali Khan - VE. 5054 - 78 RPM

Bade Ghulam Ali Khan (c. 2 April 1902 – 25 April 1968) was a Hindustani classical vocalist, from the Kasur Patiala Gharana.

Early life and background

Bade Ghulam Ali Khan was born in Kasur, a small town near Lahore, Pakistan then Punjab province in British India. After partition of India in 1947, Kasur became a part of Pakistan. His father Ustad Ali Baksh Khan was a singer in a West Punjabi family of musical heritage. He belonged to a famous classical musical gharana called Kasur Patiala Gharana of Punjab, originally of Pashtun origin.

At the age of five, Ustad Bade Ghulam Khan sahib started learning vocal music from his paternal uncle Ustad Kale Khan sahib , and later from his father Ustad Ali Baksh Khan sahib of Kasur Gharana. He had three brothers namely Barkat Ali Khan, Mubarak Ali Khan and Amaan Ali Khan.

Singing career

Though he started his career by singing a few compositions of his late father Ustad Ali Baksh Khan sahib and uncle Ustad Kale Khan sahib of Kasur Gharana, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan amalgamated the best of four traditions into his own Patiala-Kasur style, the Behram Khani elements of Dhrupad, the gyrations of Jaipur, and the behlavas (embellishments) of Gwalior. His raga expositions were brief contrary to convention and while he agreed that the beauty of classical music lay in leisurely improvisation, he believed that the audience would not appreciate long alaps and he had to sing for the masses and change the music to what the audience wanted.

After the partition of India in 1947, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan went to his hometown Kasur in Pakistan, but returned to India later to reside permanently there in 1957, with the help of Bombay chief minister Morarji Desai, he acquired Indian citizenship and moved to a bungalow at Malabar Hill in Mumbai. He lived at various times in Lahore, Bombay, Calcutta, and Hyderabad.

For a long time, he stayed away from singing in films despite requests and persuasions from well-known producers and music directors. However he was coaxed and convinced by film producer K Asif to sing two songs based on ragas Sohni and Rageshree for the 1960 film Mughal-e-Azam with the music directed by Naushad. He demanded and received an extremely high price, reportedly to the tune of Rupees 25,000 per song, when the rate for popular and star playback singers such as Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammed Rafi was below Rupees 500 per song at that time.

He was awarded with eight big awards of India – the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, Sur Devta Award, Aftab-e Mauseeqi Award, Sangeet Samrat Award, and then Padma Bhushan Award in 1962.

He died at Basheerbagh Palace in Hyderabad on 25 April 1968, after a prolonged illness which left him partially paralyzed in the last few years of his life. He continued to sing and perform in public with the support of his younger son Ustad Munawar Ali Khan until his death. After the death of Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan sahib his legacy was carried by his youinger son Ustad Munawar Ali Khan and after ustad Munawar Ali Khan 's death his legacy is carried by his four grandsons Ustad Mazhar Ali Khan, Ustad Jawaad Ali Khan, Ustad Raza Ali Khan and Naqqi Ali Khan.

The legacy

In 2017, the Bade Ghulam Ali Khan Yaadgar Sabha founded by his disciple Malti Gilani keeps his music and memory alive.[5]

The main street at Basheerbagh is named Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan Marg in his honour.

Record Details

Title

Bade Gulam Ali Khan - VE. 5054

Singer

Bade Gulam Ali Khan

Genre

Indian Classical (Vocal)

Language

Hindi

Label

Columbia

Made In

India

Manufacture

Columbia Gramophone Co. Ltd.

Serial No.

VE. 5054

Side One

  • Kaahe Ko Chchbaliya - Des

Bade Gulam Ali Khan

Side Two

  • Begun Aaye - Bhimpalas

Bade Gulam Ali Khan

Specification

Size

10 Inches

Speed

78 RPM

Record Condtion

Excellent

Cover Condition

Excellent

Record Details
Genre Indian Classical (Vocal)
Label Columbia
Language Hindi
Size 10 Inches
Speed 78 RPM
Singer
Singer - 1 Bade Gulam Ali Khan
Songs
Side1 - Song1 Kaahe Ko Chchbaliya - Des
Side2 - Song1 Begun Aaye - Bhimpalas

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Bade Gulam Ali Khan - VE. 5054- 78 RPM

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Tags: bade gulam ali khan, ve. 5054, 78 rpm, indian classical, vocal